The report finds that livestock production is becoming concentrated on fewer farms. Between 2005 and 2013, the number of livestock farms in the EU fell by 32%, while the number of livestock units reared on very large farms increased by around 12% over the same time period.
The 71% of EU farmland dedicated to livestock production includes both grassland and arable land. If only arable land is considered, 63% is used for producing crops to feed to animals. Around one third of EU farmland is grassland.
The report estimates that between €28 and €32 billion a year goes towards producers of either livestock or livestock fodder as payments under the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy.