FCRN member Waleed Fouad Abobatta of the Agriculture Research Centre, Egypt, has published a paper on the applications of nanotechnology in agriculture. FCRN readers may be particularly interested in the use of nanotechnology to reduce use of fertilisers and pesticides through greater application efficiency.
Nanotechnology is emerging out as the greatest imperative tools in recent agriculture and predictable to become a driving economic force in the near future. At the same time nanotechnology employs different chemical agents and novel delivery systems to implement crop productivity and potentials to decrease use of bulk agrochemicals, nanotechnology may afford keener solutions for the current problems in the field of agriculture.
Direct applications of nanotechnology in agriculture include delivery of agrochemicals and nutrition, pesticides, nano-scale carriers, smart packing, nanosensors, veterinary care, fisheries and aquaculture, detection of nutrient deficiencies.
Nowadays nano-fertilizers are increasingly being used as alternates to bulk fertilizers and reduce pollution of soil and water by different agrochemicals. Nano-fertilizers facilitate the slow and steady release of nutrients and thereby reduce the loss of nutrients and enhance the nutrient use efficiency.
Nanotechnology improves the nutrient use efficiency and reduces costs of environmental protection, slow-release fertilisers are the excellent replacement to soluble fertilizers.
This work focused on the applications of nanotechnology in agriculture sector improvement, especially in the area of plant nutrition and plant protection.
Abobatta, W. F., 2018. Nanotechnology Applications in Agriculture. ACTA Scientific Agriculture. 2(6) pp.99-102.
Read the full paper here (PDF link). See also the Foodsource resource How do food systems contribute to water pollution?